HISTORY AND THE TOWN
Traces of human settlements – settlements and cemeteries – testify that the territory of Piazza Armerina was certainly inhabited since ancient times.
In historical times, probably, were the Greeks of Gela who founded the first city.
As for the Romans, the Villa del Casale is an extraordinary testimony to the sublimation of the beauty of the place and the charm that the region has had on this nation of warriors par excellence.
The Normans, along with their Lombard allies fought the Arabs here, rebuilding the town on the current site after the ruin of the ancient Plutia. The local dialect is part of the so-called strain Gallo-Italic, which witnesses still the presence of people in the north in the medieval city.
The town is built on three hills of varying height: surrounded by woods, among the most important and beautiful in Sicily, presents herself with houses perched on the heights and dominated by the Aragonese Castle and the Cathedral with its huge dome and its bell tower 40 meters high.
The Cathedral, dedicated to the Assumption, built in 1604 and erected on the site of an older church, which is the lower part of the bell tower, is Please join along the ancient medieval streets.
A number of works of historical and artistic, from various ages, are kept in the one great nave. Include: a Madonna that was donated to the Count Roger the Norman by Pope Nicholas II; some paintings by Giuseppe Salerno; faced the crucifix of the “master of the cross”, remained unknown; The Assumption of the painter Filippo Paladino.
The Diocesan Museum holds other interesting works: reliquaries, silverware, monstrance, vestments, wax figures, etc.
The Aragonese Castle, an imposing, a square, square towers and waiting severe and massive, built by King Martin I, dates from the late fourteenth century.
There are, in addition, the Baroque church of San Rocco, whose portal carved in tuff is a work of art, the painted ceiling of the nearby Town Hall, the medieval Commandery of the Knights of Malta and the Church of St. John the Evangelist, the Sec. XIV, whose interior is completely frescoed by Guglielmo Borremans and his school.
Outside the city, there is the ancient Priory Church of Sant’Andrea which dates back to 1096, was founded by Simon, Count of Butera, nephew of Roger I, and whose interior was painted in the next two centuries.
Finally, in a pleasant valley, about 5 km, between Mount Mangone and the course of the river Gela, is one of the most precious jewels of art and history: the Villa Romana del Casale.
Eminent archaeological testimony of Roman Sicily of the imperial times, built between the late third and early fourth century, is a luxurious villa, ingeniously articulated in three major groupings of salt, peristyle, courtyards and thermal environments, in a unit project worthy of the highest rating.
Beautiful complex of mosaic floors, ornamental and figured that decorate every part. Is there not something in the ancient world that can compare to the amount, in the same set, and magnificence. One of the floors, to the later age of Constantine, has the famous scene of the ten girls in bikinis, the “subligar” hips and fascia that covers the breast.